On This Date In 1758 Through July 8, the Battle of Carillon, also known as the 1758 Battle of Ticonderoga, was fought during the French and Indian War (which was part of the global Seven Years War). It was fought near Fort Carillon (now known as Fort Ticonderoga) on the shore of Lake Champlain in the frontier area between the British colony of New York and the French colony of Canada. A French army of about 4,000 men under General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and the Chevalier de Levis decisively defeated an overwhelmingly numerically superior force of British troops under General James Abercrombie, which frontally assaulted an entrenched French position without using field artillery. The battle was the bloodiest of the war, with over 3,000 casualties suffered, of which over 2,000 were British.
On This Date In 1758 Pope Clement XIII (March 7, 1693 – February 2, 1769), born Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico, was elected Pope and served until his death. Succeeding Pope Benedict XIV, Clement XIII greatly encouraged devotion to the Sacred Heart, and ordered the Preface of the Blessed Trinity to be recited on Sundays. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04032a.htm
On This Date In 1759 Through July 26, the Battle of Fort Niagara was fought in the French and Indian War, the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. The British siege of Fort Niagara in July 1759 was part of a campaign to remove French control of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions, making possible a western invasion of the French province of Canada in conjunction with General James Wolfe's invasion to the east. The capitulation of Fort Niagara occurred on the same day that French troops abandoned Fort Carillon to an overwhelming British army under General Sir Jeffrey Amherst.
On This Date In 1775 One day after restating their fidelity to King George III and wishing him “a long and prosperous reign” in the Olive Branch Petition, Congress set “forth the causes and necessity of their taking up arms” against British authority in the American colonies. The declaration also proclaimed their preference “to die free men rather than live as slaves.”
On This Date In 1779 The Battle of Grenada took place during the American War of Independence in the West Indies between the British Royal Navy and the French Navy, just off the coast of Grenada. Naval historian Alfred Thayer Mahan described the British loss as “the most disastrous ... that the British Navy had encountered since Beachy Head, in 1690.”
On This Date In 1781 The Battle of Green Spring took place near Green Spring Plantation in James City County, Virginia during the American Revolutionary War. United States Brigadier General “Mad” Anthony Wayne, leading the advance forces of the Marquis de Lafayette, was ambushed near the plantation by the British army of Earl Charles Cornwallis in the last major land battle of the Virginia campaign prior to the Siege of Yorktown.
On This Date In 1782 The Battle of Negapatam was the third in the series of battles fought between a British fleet under Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes and a French fleet under the Bailli de Suffren off the coast of India during the American Revolutionary War. The battle, though strategically indecisive, was considered a tactical British victory,
On This Date In 1863 Through July 16, the Battle of Williamsport was fought in Washington County, Maryland, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union forces under the command of Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac battled Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to an inconclusive end.
On This Date In 1898 And despite some opposition in the Hawaiian Islands, the Newlands Resolution was passed by the U.S. House on June 15, 1898, by a vote of 209 to 91, and by the Senate on July 6, 1898, by a vote of 42 to 21, annexing Hawaii as a U.S. territory.
On This Date In 1918 During World War I, troops of the Czech Legion, fighting on behalf of the Allies, and for the cause of their own independent Czecho-Slovak state, declared the Russian port of Vladivostok, on the Pacific Ocean, to be an Allied protectorate, having gained control of the port and overthrown the local Bolshevik administration a week earlier.
On This Date In 1933 The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game was held as part of the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago, Illinois, at Comiskey Park and was the brainchild of Arch Ward, then sports editor for The Chicago Tribune. Initially intended to be a one-time event, its great success resulted in making the game an annual one.
On This Date In 1935 An infant named Tenzin Gyatso, future leader of Tibet and bestselling author, is born to a peasant family in Takster, Tibet. At age two, he will be declared the Dalai Lama. In 1999, he will have two bestsellers on the nonfiction lists.
On This Date In 1940 The Plymouth Blitz was a series of bombing raids carried out by the Nazi German Luftwaffe on the English city of Plymouth in the Second World War. The bombings launched on numerous British cities were known as the Blitz. The first bombs fell on the city of Swilly, killing three people.
On This Date In 1941 Through August 5, 1941, and during World War II, the Battle of Smolensk was fought, a largely successful encirclement operation by the German Army Group Centre's 2nd Panzer Group led by Heinz Guderian and the 3rd Panzer Group led by Hermann Hoth against parts of four Soviet Fronts.
On This Date In 1942 During World War II, 13-year-old Anne Frank - one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust - and her family moved into their Amsterdam hiding place to evade the Nazis.
On This Date In 1944 In Hartford, Connecticut, a fire broke out under the big top of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, killing 167 people and injuring 682. Two-thirds of those who perished were children. The cause of the fire was unknown, and an investigation revealed that the tent had undergone a treatment with flammable paraffin thinned with three parts of gasoline to make it waterproof. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-hartford-circus-fire
On This Date In 1946 George Walker Bush, American politician and businessman, and 43rd President of the United States and 46th Governor of Texas, was born in New Haven, Connecticut. The eldest son of Barbara Bush and 41st U.S. President George H. W. Bush, Bush is the second president to have been the son of a former president.
On This Date In 1957 Althea Gibson (August 25, 1927 – September 28, 2003) won the women's singles title at the Wimbledon Tennis Tournament. She was the first African American to win a tennis championship at the historic All England Lawn Tennis & Croquet Club. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul06.html
On This Date In 1957 The Quarrymen, a British skiffle and rock and roll group formed by John Lennon in Liverpool in 1956, which eventually evolved into The Beatles in 1960, played at St. Peter's Church Rose Queen garden fête in Woolton. The first encounter between the two Liverpool teenagers Lennon and Paul McCartney happened here, and McCartney would be invited to join the group two weeks later.
On This Date In 1962 William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962), American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi, died from a myocardial infarction, aged 64, at Wright's Sanitorium in Byhalia, Mississippi. He is buried along with his family in St. Peter's Cemetery in Oxford, along with a family friend with the mysterious initials E.T.
On This Date In 1964 During the Vietnam War, at Nam Dong in the northern highlands of South Vietnam, an estimated 500-man Viet Cong battalion attacked an American Special Forces outpost. During a bitter battle, Capt. Roger C. Donlon, commander of the Special Forces A-Team, rallied his troops, treated the wounded, and directed defenses although he himself was wounded several times. After five hours of fighting, the Viet Cong withdrew. The battle resulted in an estimated 40 Viet Cong killed; two Americans, 1 Australian military adviser, and 57 South Vietnamese defenders also lost their lives. At a White House ceremony in December 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson presented Captain Donlon with the first Medal of Honor of the Vietnam War.
On This Date In 1964 “A Hard Day's Night,” a British black-and-white comedy film directed by Richard Lester and starring The Beatles - John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr - during the height of Beatlemania, was released by United Artists in the UK, and in the USA on August 1, 1964. Written by Alun Owen, the film was made in the style of a mockumentary, describing a couple of days in the lives of the group.
On This Date In 1971 Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, and a celebrated American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana, died of a heart attack in his sleep, a month before his 70th birthday. He was residing in Corona, Queens, New York City, at the time of his death. He was interred in Flushing Cemetery, Flushing, in Queens, New York City.
On This Date In 1976 In Annapolis, Maryland, the United States Naval Academy admitted women for the first time in its history with the induction of 81 female midshipmen. In May 1980, Elizabeth Anne Rowe became the first woman member of the class to graduate. Four years later, Kristine Holderied became the first female midshipman to graduate at the top of her class.
On This Date In 1987 “In the Dark,” the 12th studio album by the Grateful Dead, was released by Arista Records. Recorded between January 6 and 13, 1987, In the Dark was the band's first album in six years, and its first studio album since 1980's Go to Heaven. The album reached the top ten of the Billboard 200 album chart, the highest ranking the group would ever have.
On This Date In 1988 Piper Alpha, a North Sea oil production platform operated by Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd., was destroyed by an explosion and the resulting fire, killing 167 men, with only 61 survivors.
On This Date In 1989 The Tel Aviv-Jerusalem bus 405 attack was a suicide attack which was carried out by a Palestinian Islamic Jihad member on a crowded Egged commuter bus line No. 405 en route from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem, Israel, who seized the steering wheel of the bus from the driver and pulled the bus over a steep precipice into a ravine in the area of Qiryat Ye'arim. 16 civilians were killed in the attack, including two Canadians and one American, and 27 more were wounded. The attack is regarded as the first Palestinian suicide attack, despite the fact that its perpetrator did not die and was not wearing a suicide belt as in later attacks, a common tactic during the Second Intifada.
On This Date In 1994 “Forrest Gump,” an American epic comedy-drama romance film based on the 1986 novel of the same name by Winston Groom, was released. The film was directed by Robert Zemeckis, and stars Tom Hanks, Robin Wright, Gary Sinise and Sally Field. Forrest Gump became a commercial success as the top grossing film in North America released that year, and earned over $677 million worldwide during its theatrical run. The film won the Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director for Robert Zemeckis, Best Actor for Tom Hanks, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Visual Effects and Best Film Editing. It also garnered multiple other awards and nominations, including Golden Globe Awards, People's Choice Awards and Young Artist Awards, among others.
On This Date In 2002 The 2002 Tour de France bicycle race started in Luxembourg, and ended in Paris on July 28. American Lance Armstrong sealed his fourth straight victory. He became only the fifth man to win cycling's premier race four times, joining legends Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault, Jacques Anquetil and Miguel Indurain, and surpassing compatriot Greg LeMond, who won three Tours. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/other_sports/cycling/2157272.stm
On This Date In 2009 Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009), American business executive and eighth Secretary of Defense, serving under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 to 1968, died in his sleep at his home in Washington, D.C. at the age of 93. McNamara is the longest serving Secretary of Defense, amassing 2,595 days between 1961 and 1968. http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/07/06/robert.mcnamara.obit/index.html
On This Date In 2009 The oldest known Bible went online. Discovered in a monastery in the Sinai desert in Egypt more than 160 years ago, the handwritten Codex Sinaiticus includes two books that are not part of the official New Testament and at least seven books that are not in the Old Testament. http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/07/06/ancient.bible.online/ind...
Happy Birthday Nancy Reagan (1921), Ned Beatty (1937), Rosemary Forsyth (1943), Burt Ward (1945), Sylvester Stallone (1946), Fred Dryer (1946), Geoffrey Rush (1951), Grant Goodeve (1952), Rick Braun (1955), Jennifer Saunders (1958), Robin Antin (1961), 50 Cent (1975), Adam Busch (1978), Kate Nash (1987), and Camilla and Rebecca Rosso (1994).
RIP John Paul Jones (1747 – 1792), Sir Stamford Raffles (1781 – 1826), Hugo Theorell (1903 – 1982), Frida Kahlo (1907 – 1954), Marie McDonald (1923 – 1965), Louie Bellson (1924 – 2009), Bill Haley (1925 – 1981), Merv Griffin (1925 – 2007), Janet Leigh (1927 – 2004), and Luana Patten (1938 – 1996).
We can have no “50-50” allegiance in this country. Either a man is an American and nothing else, or he is not an American at all. Theodore Roosevelt
The American, by nature, is optimistic. He is experimental, an inventor and a builder who builds best when called upon to build greatly. John F. Kennedy
It is important that you recognize your progress and take pride in your accomplishments. Share your achievements with others. Brag a little. The recognition and support of those around you is nurturing. Rosemarie Rossetti
Don't take 'no' for an answer, never submit to failure. Do not be fobbed off with mere personal success or acceptance. You will make all kinds of mistakes, but as long as you are generous and true, and also fierce, you cannot hurt the world or events. Winston Churchill
In times of great stress or adversity, it's always best to keep busy, to plow your anger and your energy into something positive. Lee Iacocca
You've done it before and you can do it now. See the positive possibilities. Redirect the substantial energy of your frustration and turn it into positive, effective, unstoppable determination. Ralph Marston
First track of my 3rd CD, "I Sing for America!" Now available! A mix of great original songs (like this one) & classic American hymns & marches. Red, White, & Blue, baby!! Every Day!! God Bless America!!
Use what talents you possess, the woods will be very silent if no birds sang there except those that sang best. Henry van Dyke
In the sweetness of friendship let there be laughter, and sharing of pleasures. For in the dew of little things the heart finds its morning and is refreshed.