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"...what have we got—a Republic or a Monarchy?” “A Republic, if you can keep it

Friday! History, Military, Music, 'Supreme' Court?, Quotes, More!

On This Date In 1613 The Globe Theater in London, England, where most of Shakespeare's plays debuted, went up in flames during a performance of Henry the Eighth. A theatrical cannon, set off during the performance, misfired, igniting the wooden beams and thatching. According to one of the few surviving documents of the event, no one was hurt except a man whose burning breeches were put out with a bottle of ale. It was rebuilt in the following year.
On This Date In 1767 The Revenue Act of 1767 by the Parliament of Great Britain was passed. The first of the Townshend Acts, a series of laws passed beginning in 1767 relating to the British colonies in North America, it represented a new approach for generating tax revenue in the American colonies after the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766. Taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea were applied with the design of raising £40,000 a year for the administration of the colonies. The result was the resurrection of colonial hostilities created by the Stamp Act.
On This Date In 1776 The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia was framed and adopted by the convention which issued the preceding Declaration of Rights. The 1776 Constitution declared the dissolution of the rule of Great Britain over Virginia and accused England's King George III of establishing a “detestable and insupportable tyranny”. It also established separation of governmental powers.
On This Date In 1776 Edward Rutledge, one of South Carolina's representatives to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, expressed his reluctance to declare independence from Britain in a letter to the like-minded John Jay of New York.
On This Date In 1852 Henry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852), nineteenth-century American statesman and orator who represented Kentucky in both the House of Representatives and Senate, died of tuberculosis in Washington, D.C., at the age of 75. Clay was the first person to lie in state in the United States Capitol.
On This Date In 1861 During the first year of the American Civil War, Confederate Army officer and spy Richard Thomas Zarvona and a crew of accomplices seized the passenger steamer St. Nicholas. See further developments here:
On This Date In 1862 The Battle of Savage's Station took place in Henrico County, Virginia, as fourth of the Seven Days Battles (Peninsula Campaign) of the American Civil War. The main body of the Union Army of the Potomac began a general withdrawal toward the James River. Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Magruder pursued along the railroad and the Williamsburg Road and struck Maj. Gen. Edwin Vose Sumner's II Corps (the Union rearguard) with three brigades near Savage's Station, while Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson's divisions were stalled north of the Chickahominy River. Union forces continued to withdraw across White Oak Swamp, abandoning supplies and more than 2,500 wounded soldiers in a field hospital, the battle resulting in a stalemate.
On This Date In 1863 Through June 30, 1863, the Battle of Goodrich's Landing was fought between Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The Confederates attacked several Union black regiments who were protecting several captured plantations. Though the Confederates were able to destroy a number of plantations, the attacks did little real damage to the Union war effort in the region.
On This Date In 1864 The First Battle of Ream's Station was fought during the Wilson-Kautz Raid of the American Civil War. Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. William Mahone and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defeated Union cavalry raiding Confederate railroads south of Petersburg, Virginia.
On This Date In 1864 The St-Hilaire train disaster occurred near the present-day town of Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. The train, which had been carrying many German and Polish immigrants, failed to acknowledge a stop signal and fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River. Though uncertain, the widely accepted death toll is 99 persons. The disaster remains the worst railway accident in Canadian history.
On This Date In 1915 During World War I, Foreign Minister Istvan von Burian of Austria-Hungary sent a note to the United States protesting the U.S. sale and shipment of munitions in enormous quantities to Britain and its allies for use against the Central Powers - Austria, Hungary and Germany - on the battlefields of World War I.
On This Date In 1944 Through July 4, 1944, and during World War I, the Minsk Offensive was launched, part of the second phase of the Belorussian Strategic Offensive of the Red Army in the summer of 1944, commonly known as Operation Bagration. Within its broader strategic framework, the Minsk Offensive was a complete success: The capital of the Belorussian SSR, Minsk, was liberated after several years of German occupation; The forces of the German Army Group Centre were almost completely shattered within a matter of days. In particular, nearly the entire Fourth Army, plus many of the elements of Ninth Army that had escaped from the Bobruysk Offensive, was destroyed.
On This Date In 1958 The 1958 FIFA World Cup Final took place in Råsunda Stadium, Solna, Sweden. Brazil won the World Cup by defeating Sweden 5-2, and won the trophy for the first time. Brazil came into the tournament as a favorite, and did not disappoint, thrilling the world with their spectacular play, which is often referred to as the “beautiful game.” The 1958 final holds the record for most goals scored in a World Cup Final, and it shares the record for the greatest winning margin (with the 1970 and 1998 tournaments).
On This Date In 1964 During the Vietnam War, twenty-four New Zealand Army engineers arrived in Saigon as a token of that country's support for the American effort in South Vietnam. The contingent was part of the Free World Military Forces, an effort by President Lyndon B. Johnson to enlist other nations to support the American cause in South Vietnam by sending military aid and troops. The level of support was not the primary issue; Johnson wanted to portray international solidarity and consensus for U.S. policies in Southeast Asia and he believed that participation by a number of countries would achieve that end. The effort was also known as the “many flags” program.
On This Date In 1966 During the Vietnam War, U.S. aircraft bombed the major North Vietnamese population centers of Hanoi and Haiphong for the first time, destroying oil depots located near the two cities. The U.S. military hoped that by bombing Hanoi, the capital of North Vietnam, and Haiphong, North Vietnam's largest port, communist forces would be deprived of essential military supplies and thus the ability to wage war.
On This Date In 1967 Jayne Mansfield (born Vera Jayne Palmer; April 19, 1933 – June 29, 1967) was killed instantly when the car she was riding in struck the rear of a trailer truck on Interstate-90 east of New Orleans, Louisiana. An American actress in film, theatre, and television, a nightclub entertainer, a singer, and one of the early Playboy Playmates, she was a major Hollywood sex symbol of the 1950s and early 1960s, one of Hollywood's original blonde bombshells. Mansfield was 20th Century Fox's alternative Marilyn Monroe and came to be known as the “Working Man's Monroe”.
On This Date In 1968 “A Saucerful of Secrets,” the second studio album by English rock group Pink Floyd, was released. It was recorded at EMI's Abbey Road Studios on various dates from August 1967 to April 1968. It is both the last Pink Floyd album on which Syd Barrett would appear and the only studio album in which all five band members contributed.
On This Date In 1970 During the Vietnam War, U.S. ground combat troops end two months of operations in Cambodia and return to South Vietnam. Military officials reported 354 Americans had been killed and 1,689 were wounded in the operation. The South Vietnamese reported 866 killed and 3,724 wounded. About 34,000 South Vietnamese troops remained in Cambodia.
On This Date In 1972 In Furman v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled by a vote of 5-4 that capital punishment, as it was currently employed on the state and federal level, was unconstitutional. The majority held that, in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution, the death penalty qualified as “cruel and unusual punishment,” primarily because states employed execution in ‘arbitrary and capricious ways,” especially in regard to race. It was the first time the nation's highest court ruled against capital punishment. However, because the Supreme Court suggested new legislation that could make death sentences constitutional again, such as the development of standardized guidelines for juries that decide sentences, it was not an outright victory for opponents of the death penalty.
On This Date In 1974 With Argentine President Juan Peron on his deathbed, Isabela Martinez de Peron, his wife and vice president, was sworn in as the leader of the South American country. President Isabela Peron, a former dancer and Peron's third wife, was the Western Hemisphere's first female head of government. Two days later, Juan died from heart disease, and Isabela was left alone as leader of a nation suffering from serious economic and political strife.
On This Date In 1986 The 1986 FIFA World Cup Final was the final and deciding game of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, held at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, Mexico. It was contested by Argentina and West Germany, and had an attendance of 114,600. Argentina won the match 3–2 in normal time.
On This Date In 1989 In yet another reaction to the Chinese government's brutal massacre of protesters in Tiananmen Square in Beijing earlier in the month, the House of Representatives unanimously passed a package of sanctions against the People's Republic of China. American indignation, however, was relatively short-lived and most of the sanctions died out after a brief period.
On This Date In 1992 “Somewhere Far Beyond,” the fourth studio album by German power metal band Blind Guardian, was released. The album saw the band creating its own original sound, while still employing most of their speed/power metal techniques. The album was acclaimed by power metal fans all across Europe and especially Japan, allowing them to tour for the first time outside Germany. The tour in the Far East led to the band's first live album, Tokyo Tales.
On This Date In 1995 The Sampoong Department Store collapse was a structural failure that occurred in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea. The collapse is the largest peacetime disaster in South Korean history – 501 people died and 937 were injured.
On This Date In 1995 The American space shuttle Atlantis docked with the Russian space station Mir to form the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth.
On This Date In 1999 “Slipknot,” the debut studio album by American metal band Slipknot, was released through Roadrunner Records, following a demo containing a few of the songs which had been released in 1998. Slipknot peaked at number 51 on the Billboard 200, and has gone on to become certified double platinum in the United States, making it the band's best selling album.
On This Date In 2001 “A.I. Artificial Intelligence,” also known as A.I., an American science fiction drama film directed, produced and co-written by Steven Spielberg, was released. Based on Brian Aldiss' short story “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long”, the film stars Haley Joel Osment, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Sam Robards, Jake Thomas and William Hurt. A.I. went on to gross $78.62 million in US totals as well as $157.31 million in foreign countries, coming to a worldwide total of $235.93 million.
On This Date In 2002 The Second Battle of Yeonpyeong took place, a confrontation at sea between North Korean and South Korean patrol boats along a disputed maritime boundary near Yeonpyeong Island in the Yellow Sea. This followed a similar confrontation in 1999. Two North Korean patrol boats crossed the contested border and engaged two South Korean patrol boats. The North Koreans withdrew before South Korean reinforcements arrived.
On This Date In 2003 Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003), American actress of film, stage, and television, died of natural causes at the age of 96, at her home in Old Saybrook, Connecticut. Known for her headstrong independence and spirited personality, Hepburn's career as a Hollywood leading lady spanned more than 60 years. Her work came in a range of genres, from screwball comedy to literary drama, and she received four Academy Awards for Best Actress - a record for any performer.
On This Date In 2006 The U.S. Supreme Court rejected Guantanamo Bay detainee tribunals. Striking down the military commissions President George Bush established to try suspected members of al-Qaeda, the court emphatically rejected a signature Bush anti-terrorism measure and the broad assertion of executive power upon which the president had based it.
On This Date In 2007 “Ratatouille,” an American computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures, was released. It is the eighth film produced by Pixar, and was directed by Brad Bird, who took over from Jan Pinkava in 2005. The film has grossed $206,445,654 in the United States and Canada and a total of $623,722,818 worldwide, making it the fifth highest grossing Disney·Pixar film now, just behind Toy Story 3, Finding Nemo, Up and The Incredibles.
On This Date In 2009 Bernard Madoff was sentenced to 150 years in prison in the largest, longest and most widespread Ponzi scheme in history.
On This Date In 2010 Day Two of Elena Kagan's Supreme Court Confirmation Hearings took place.
On This Date In 2010 Union Leader and SEIU Official Tom Balanoff testified at the Rod Blagojevich Corruption Trial that Barack Obama called him to suggest Valerie Jarrett for the vacated U.S. Senate seat, and recalled conversations involving Obama friend Alexi Giannoulias.

Happy Birthday E. Parry Thomas (1921), Cara Williams (1925), Soon-Tek Oh (1943), Gary Busey (1944), David Chiang (1947), Fred Grandy (1948), John Doerr (1951), Colin Hay (1953), John Delaney (1956), Maria Conchita Alonso (1957), Sharon Lawrence (1961), Amanda Donohoe (1962), Theoren Fleury (1968), Zuleikha Robinson (1977), Nicole Scherzinger (1978), Katherine Jenkins (1980), and Christopher Egan (1984)

RIP Nicolae Balcescu (1819 – 1852), George Ellery Hale (1868 – 1938). Nelson Eddy (1901 – 1967), Bernard Herrmann (1911 – 1975), Ruth Warrick (1916 – 2005), Slim Pickens (1919 – 1983), Oriana Fallaci (1929 – 2006), and Samantha Smith (1972 – 1985).


The piano is the social instrument par excellence...drawing-room furniture, a sign of bourgeois prosperity, the most massive of the devices by which the young are tortured in the name of education and the grown-up in the name of entertainment. Jacques Barzun

Gratitude unlocks the fullness of life. It turns what we have into enough, and more. It turns denial into acceptance, chaos to order, confusion to clarity. It can turn a meal into a feast, a house into a home, a stranger into a friend. Gratitude makes sense of our past, brings peace for today, and creates a vision for tomorrow. Melody Beattie

To be nobody but yourself in a world which is doing its best day and night to make you everybody else means to fight the hardest battle any human being can fight; and never stop fighting. E.E. Cummings

The friend in my adversity I shall always treasure most. I can better trust those who helped to relieve the gloom of my dark hours than those who are so ready to enjoy with me the sunshine of my prosperity. Ulysses S. Grant

Freedom has its life in the hearts, the actions, the spirit of men and so it must be daily earned and refreshed - else like a flower cut from its life-giving roots, it will wither and die. Dwight D. Eisenhower

Courtesy You Tube et al

30,000 light years from Earth, pulsar IGR J1104-6103 appears to be wailing across the sky at between 5.4 and 6.5 million miles per hour. But theorists are at a loss to explain how this bright X-ray source could have gotten such a swift cosmic kick. Credit: NASA/CXC/A. Hobart

An international team of astronomers using data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has made an unparalleled observation, detecting significant changes in the atmosphere of a planet located beyond our solar system. The scientists conclude the atmospheric variations occurred in response to a powerful eruption on the planet's host star, an event observed by NASA's Swift satellite. The exoplanet is HD 189733b, a gas giant similar to Jupiter, but about 14 percent larger and more massive. ...

I was reckless to close my fb at the time, there is an irritating sound at 2:18, sorry for that. Hope you liked it please share. Lyrics are: Race, life is race And I am gonna win...

Let me tell you something you already know. The world ain't all sunshine and rainbows. It is a very mean and nasty place and it will beat you to your knees and keep you there permanently if you let it. You, me, or nobody is gonna hit as hard as life. But, it ain't how hard you hit; it's about how hard you can get hit, and keep moving forward. How much you can take, and keep moving forward. That's how winning is done. Now, if you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hit, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you are because of him, or her, or anybody.
Cowards do that and that ain't you. You're better than that!
Sylvester Stallone as Rocky Balboa;
or, Each one of us in our own feature!

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