On This Date In 1779 The court-martial of Benedict Arnold convened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After a relatively clean record in the early days of the American Revolution, Arnold was charged with 13 counts of misbehavior, including misusing government wagons and illegally buying and selling goods. Although his notorious betrayal was still many months away, Arnold's resentment over this order and the perceived mistreatment by the American Army would fuel his traitorous decision.
On This Date In 1792 Kentucky became the fifteenth state in the Union and Isaac Shelby, a Revolutionary War hero and convention delegate, was named the first governor of the new Commonwealth.
On This Date In 1796 Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state. It was the first state created from territory under the jurisdiction of the United States federal government. Apart from the former Thirteen Colonies only Vermont and Kentucky predate Tennessee's statehood, and neither was ever a federal territory.
On This Date In 1809 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who helped establish the Romantic school of poetry, began to publish his own periodical, The Friend. The essays that Coleridge published in The Friend are later collected into a book.
On This Date In 1846 Pope Gregory XVI died after a severe attack of facial erysipelas. Born Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari (September 18, 1765 – June 1, 1846), he was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1831 to 1846.
On This Date In 1869 Thomas Edison's first patent was issued, this for the Electric Vote Recorder for use by legislative bodies such as Congress.
On This Date In 1914 “The Fatal Mallet,” an American-made motion picture starring Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand, was released by Keystone Studios. The film was written and directed by Mack Sennett, who also portrays one of Chaplin's rivals for Normand's attention (Sennett and Normand were offscreen lovers during this period).
On This Date In 1916 During World War I, as German and British naval forces clashed in the North Sea during the Battle of Jutland and the French resisted the persistent German siege at Verdun, German army troops launched a major attack on British lines in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front.
On This Date In 1918 Through June 26, 1918, the Battle of Belleau Wood occurred during the German 1918 Spring Offensive in World War I, near the Marne River in France. The battle was fought between the U.S. Second (under the command of Major General Omar Bundy) and Third Infantry Divisions, and an assortment of German units including elements from the 237th, 10th, 197th, 87th, and 28th Divisions. This battle ended in an Allied victory.
On This Date In 1925 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig pinch hit for shortstop Pee Wee Wanninger. This was the first of 2,130 games Gehrig played consecutively. The streak ended 14 years later when Gehrig benched himself for poor play. He was suffering at the time from a still undiagnosed case of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, or ALS.
On This Date In 1926 Norma Jeane Mortensen Baker (June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was born. Professionally recognized as Marilyn Monroe, she was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.
On This Date In 1934 The Tokyo-based Jidosha-Seizo Kabushiki-Kaisha (Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd. in English) took on a new name: Nissan Motor Company.
On This Date In 1937 Pilot Amelia Earhart's second attempt to fly around the world began, departing from Miami. This ill-fated flight would result in the disappearance of Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan on July 2, 1937.
On This Date In 1940 Ronald Reagan stars as Lieutenant “Brass” Bancroft in the film release of “Murder in the Air”. Directed by Lewis Seiler and written by Raymond L. Schrock (original screenplay), the movie also stars John Litel and Lya Lys.
On This Date In 1941 The Battle of Crete, a battle during World War II on the Greek island of Crete, ended in its surrender to German and Italian forces. It was fought from May 20 - June 1, 1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name Operation Mercury. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island.
On This Date In 1942 A Warsaw underground newspaper, the Liberty Brigade, made public for the first time the news of the gassing of tens of thousands of Jews at Chelmno, a death camp in Poland - almost seven months after extermination of prisoners began.
On This Date In 1943 BOAC Flight 777a, a scheduled British Overseas Airways Corporation civilian airline flight from Portela Airport in Lisbon, Portugal to Whitchurch Airport near Bristol, United Kingdom, was attacked by eight German Junkers Ju 88s and crashed into the Bay of Biscay, killing several notable passengers, including actor Leslie Howard. http://www.servinghistory.com/topics/BOAC_Flight_777
On This Date In 1943 Frank Sinatra signed with Columbia Records as a solo artist with initially great success, particularly during the musicians' recording strikes.
On This Date In 1967 “Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band” (often shortened to Sgt. Pepper), the eighth studio album by the English rock band The Beatles, was released on the Parlophone label and produced by George Martin. The album is widely regarded as one of the greatest of all time, and has since been recognized as one of the most important albums in the history of popular music.
On This Date In 1967 “David Bowie,” the debut album by pop musician David Bowie, was released in the UK by Deram Records. Later released in the US in August 1967, the album and its associated singles were all commercial failures at the time, and Bowie did not release another record until Space Oddity, two years later.
On This Date In 1968 Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) died in her sleep at her home, Arcan Ridge, located in Easton, Connecticut. Keller was an American author, political activist, and lecturer. She was the first deafblind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
On This Date In 1971 In support of President Richard Nixon and his administration's conduct of the Vietnam War, a group named the Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace declared that it represented the majority of the U.S. veterans that had served in Southeast Asia, and called the protests and congressional testimony of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War “irresponsible.”
On This Date In 1972 “Amazing Grace,” a Gospel album by Gospel/Soul singer Aretha Franklin, was released. It ultimately sold over two million copies in the United States alone, earning a Double Platinum certification. It is still the biggest selling disc of Aretha's entire fifty-plus year recording career. It won the 1972 Grammy Award for Best Soul Gospel Performance and also stands as the biggest selling Gospel album in history.
On This Date In 1980 CNN (Cable News Network), the world's first 24-hour television news network, made its debut. The network signed on at 6 p.m. EST from its headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, with a lead story about the attempted assassination of civil rights leader Vernon Jordan.
On This Date In 1982 “Still Life” (American Concert 1981), a live album by The Rolling Stones, was released. Recorded during the band's American Tour 1981 in the latter portion of that year, it was released in time for their European Tour 1982 continuation the following summer. Still Life (American Concert 1981) was a commercial success, reaching #4 in the UK and #5 in the US, going platinum there.
On This Date In 1983 “Synchronicity,” the fifth and final studio album by The Police, was released. The band's most popular release, Synchronicity topped the album charts in both the UK and the USA (interrupting the dominance of Michael Jackson's Thriller in the US). It won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.
On This Date In 1987 “R.I.P.,” the first album by the Swiss thrash metal trio, Coroner, was released. This album marks the first chapter of the band's progression (thus it is less focused) and is characterized by raw speed and power (save for the two instrumentals), very typical of thrash metal at this time.
On This Date In 1990 At a superpowers summit meeting in Washington, D.C., U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed an historic agreement to end production of chemical weapons and begin the destruction of both nations' sizable reserves of them. According to the agreement, on-site inspectors from both countries would observe the destruction process.
On This Date In 1992 The 1992 Stanley Cup Final NHL championship series was contested by the Prince of Wales Conference and defending Stanley Cup champion Pittsburgh Penguins and the Clarence Campbell Conference champion Chicago Blackhawks. The Blackhawks were making their first appearance in the Final since 1973. After the Blackhawks jumped to an early 4-1 lead in Game 1, Mario Lemieux and the Penguins came back to win the game, sweep the series in four games, and win their second straight and second overall Stanley Cup. It was the 99th year of the Stanley Cup. It was the last final for Chicago's Stadium as it closed in 1994.
On This Date In 1999 “Enema of the State,” the third studio album by American pop punk band Blink-182, was first released in the United States on MCA Records. Recorded at various locations throughout California with producer Jerry Finn, the album was a major commercial success worldwide. It has sold over 15 million copies worldwide, making it the trio's highest selling album.
On This Date In 2001 The Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing took place. A terrorist attack by suicide bomber Saeed Hotari, a millitant linked to the Palestinian group Hamas, blew himself up outside a discotheque on a beachfront in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing 21 Israeli teenagers and injuring 132.
On This Date In 2007 “Knocked Up,” an American romantic comedy drama film co-produced, written, and directed by Judd Apatow, was released. The movie stars Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl, Paul Rudd, and Leslie Mann. The film has grossed $148,768,917 domestically and $70,307,601 in foreign territories, totaling $219,076,518.
On This Date In 2009 Air France Flight 447, a scheduled Airbus A330-200 commercial flight from Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, France, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 216 passengers and 12 crew. The accident was the deadliest in the history of Air France and has also been described as the worst accident in French aviation history. It was the deadliest commercial airliner accident to occur since the crash of American Airlines Flight 587 in New York City in 2001, and the first fatal accident involving an Airbus A330 airliner in passenger service. The final report into the causes of the crash will be released at a news conference on July 5, 2012. http://articles.boston.com/2012-05-30/news/31901854_1_final-report-...
On This Date In 2009 Automaker General Motors filed for Chapter 11 reorganization in the Manhattan New York federal bankruptcy court. The filing reported US$82.29 billion in assets and US$172.81 billion in debt. As ranked by total assets, GM's bankruptcy marks one of the largest corporate Chapter 11 bankruptcies in U.S. history. The Chapter 11 filing was the fourth-largest in U.S. history, following Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc., Washington Mutual and WorldCom Inc.
On This Date In 2009 Microsoft introduced a prototype camera that can be used as a controller for the Xbox 360. Codenamed “Project Natal,” the camera eliminates the need for a hand-held input device - instead, the gizmo can track a player's full body movement, recognize their face and voice, scan images of real items and respond to both physical and vocal commands. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/31050924/
On This Date In 2009 “The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien” premiered. It was an American late-night talk show that featured Conan O'Brien as host from June 1, 2009 to January 22, 2010 as part of NBC's long-running Tonight Show franchise. The program's host, Conan O'Brien, previously hosted NBC's Late Night with Conan O'Brien, which followed The Tonight Show with Jay Leno for 16 years, until O'Brien's brief succession over Leno.
On This Date In 2010 Operation Unified Response, the United States military's relief mission response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, came to an end. It was conducted by Joint Task Force Haiti, commanded by United States Southern Command, and included personnel from all branches of the military. http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2010/06/us-military-relief-mis...
Happy Birthday Andy Griffith (1926), Chuck Ortmann (1929), Morgan Freeman (1937), Brian Cox (1946), Powers Boothe (1948), Alan Wilder (1959), Jason Donovan (1968), Mindy Smith (1972), Heidi Klum (1973), Alanis Morissette (1974), Melissa Sagemiller (1974), Angela Perez Baraquio (1975), Danielle Harris (1977), and Brandi Carlile (1981).
RIP Brigham Young (1801 – 1877), John Masefield (1878 – 1967), Frank Morgan (1890 – 1949), Guy Morton (1893 – 1934), Robert Newton (1905 – 1956), Joan Caulfield (1922 – 1991), Phillip Burton (1926 – 1983), Nargis (1929 – 1981), Edward Woodward, OBE (1930 – 2009), and Charlie Wilson (1933 – 2010).
We're so busy watching out for what's just ahead of us that we don't take time to enjoy where we are. Calvin & Hobbes
Plenty of people miss their share of happiness, not because they never found it, but because they didn't stop to enjoy it. William Feather
When you dance, your purpose is not to get to a certain place on the floor. It's to enjoy each step along the way. Wayne Dyer
Suffer no anxiety, for he who is a sufferer of anxiety becomes regardless of enjoyment of the world and the spirit, and contraction happens to his body and soul. Zoroaster
We are not cisterns made for hoarding, we are channels made for sharing. Billy Graham
There is no friend like an old friend who has shared our morning days, no greeting like his welcome, no homage like his praise. Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
NASA astronaut Don Pettit had the forethought to bring along some solar filters for the cameras on Station. He will deliver the first images of a Venus Transit, taken by a human in Space from the Space Station's cupola.
Former U.S. Marine Corporal Brian Gallagher began his 100 mile run May 26 around the 9/11 Memorial in New York to honor all United States active duty military. Gallager, now a native of Fairfield, N.J., but born and raised in Manhattan, served four years in the Marine Corps from 1990 to 1994 and said he is running the 100 miles in under 30 hours to raise $100,000 for the 9/11 Memorial, the Disposable Heroes Project, and the Marine Corps Scholorship Fund; and to also raise awareness of the sacrifices of our military. Gallagher ran 200 half mile laps around the 9/11 Memorial and finished his 100th mile May 27, 29 hours and 15 minutes after his start. This run was Gallagher's first of many efforts toward his goal of raising $100,000. He raised $25,000 so far. Marine Corps Public Affairs Office New York Video by Sgt. Lisa R. Strickland (DVIDS)
Be an explorer...read, surf the internet, visit customers, enjoy arts, watch children play...do anything to prevent yourself from becoming a prisoner of your knowledge, experience, and current view of the world. Charles Thompson