On This Date In 1571 The Battle of Lepanto took place when a galley fleet of the Holy League, a coalition of Spain (including their territories of Naples, Sicily and Sardinia), the Republic of Venice, the Papacy (under St. Pope Pius V), the Republic of Genoa, the Duchy of Savoy, the Knights Hospitaller and others, decisively defeated the main fleet of Ottoman war galleys.
On This Date In 1780 The Battle of Kings Mountain was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The actual battle took place nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina in rural York County, South Carolina, where the Patriot militia under Colonel William Campbell defeated the Loyalist forces commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Regiment of Foot.
On This Date In 1816 The first double-decked steamboat with a design that would soon prove ideal for western rivers, arrived at the docks in New Orleans. The Washington was the work of a shipbuilder named Henry M. Shreve, who had launched the steamboat earlier that year on the Monongahela River just above Pittsburgh.
On This Date In 1837 The steamship Home set out from New York City bound for Charleston, South Carolina with about 90 passengers and 40 crew on board. The Home had only made two voyages to Charleston prior to this voyage. The Home struck a sandbar off the New Jersey coast. Unaware of the extent of the damage, her captain proceeded on schedule to Charleston when it encountered the 1837 Racer’s Storm and started taking on water as she rounded Cape Hatteras. She was put aground to ride out the developing storm. Before rescue operations could be effected the next day, the Home was torn to pieces by the surf and 90 lives were lost.
On This Date In 1849 Edgar Allen Poe, found on the streets of Baltimore four days previous, delirious, “in great distress, and...in need of immediate assistance”, according to the man who found him, Joseph W. Walker, died at Washington College Hospital of a reported “celrebral inflammation”, a common euphemism for deaths from disreputable causes such as alcoholism. Poe was never coherent long enough to explain how he came to be in his dire condition
On This Date In 1857 “Blind Tom” Wiggins, age 8, performed for first time before a large public audience at Columbus’ Temperance Hall, in Columbus, Georgia. An African American autistic savant and musical prodigy on the piano, he had numerous original compositions published and had a lengthy and largely successful performing career throughout the United States.
On This Date In 1858 In Quincy, Illinois, incumbent Democrat Senator Stephen A. Douglas sought to prove that Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate for Senate, was an abolitionist at the fifth Lincoln-Douglas Debate. http://www.bartleby.com/251/52.html
On This Date In 1861 Antonia Ford, a volunteer civilian spy for the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, was designated an honorary aide-de-camp by Brigadier General J.E.B. Stuart, in whose artillery her brother served.
On This Date In 1864 The Battle of Darbytown Road was fought between Union and Confederate forces. The Confederates were attempting to retake ground they had lost to Federal forces during battles near Richmond, Virginia. Their efforts failed.
On This Date In 1868 Cornell University welcomed its first 412 students to the rural campus overlooking Lake Cayuga in Ithaca, New York.
On This Date In 1871 The most devastating fire in United States history was ignited in an unknown spot in Wisconsin. Over the course of the next day, 1,200 people lost their lives and 2 billion trees were consumed by flames. Despite the massive scale of the blaze, it was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire, which began the next day about 250 miles away.
On This Date In 1913 For the first time, Henry Ford’s entire Highland Park, Michigan automobile factory was run on a continuously moving assembly line when the chassis-the automobile’s frame-was assembled using the revolutionary industrial technique, cutting the man-hours required to complete one “Model T” from 12-1/2 hours to six.
On This Date In 1913 In a classic rematch at the 1913 World Series, the New York Giants (who had just won their third consecutive pennant and were making their third consecutive World Series appearance) squared off against their post-season rival Philadelphia Athletics, and lost the Series four games to one.
On This Date In 1914 During World War I, advancing German forces bombarded the Belgian city of Antwerp, as Belgian troops and their British allies struggled to resist the onslaught. Military Governor General Victor Deguise would formally surrender Antwerp to the Germans on October 10.
On This Date In 1916 In the 1916 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the World Series newcomer Brooklyn Robins (a.k.a. Dodgers) four games to one.
On This Date In 1925 In the 1925 World Series, the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the defending champion Washington Senators in seven games.
On This Date In 1929 “The Sound and the Fury”, a novel by William Faulkner, and often referred to as his first work of genius, was published. It was only his fourth novel, yet it is widely considered to be one of the greatest contributions to American literature and one of Faulkner’s most heartfelt literary creations.
On This Date In 1940 Hitler occupied Romania as part of his strategy of creating an unbroken Eastern front to menace the Soviet Union.
On This Date In 1943 Rear Adm. Shigematsu Sakaibara, commander of the Japanese garrison on the island, ordered the execution of 96 Americans POWs, claiming they were trying to make radio contact with U.S. forces. Those American POWs, who were blindfolded and shot in cold blood, remains one of the more brutal episodes of the war in the Pacific.
On This Date In 1949 The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was declared, with a new constitution which enshrined socialism and gave the Socialist Unity Party, or SED (forcibly unified members of the Communist Party of Germany and Social Democratic Party by the Soviets after World War II), power over a National Front among the different political parties, with “unity lists” put forth by the SED which ensured their control.
On This Date In 1955 Poet Alan Ginsberg reads his poem “Howl” at a poetry reading at Six Gallery in San Francisco. The poem was an immediate success that rocked the Beat literary world and set the tone for confessional poetry of the 1960s and later.
On This Date In 1959 “Pillow Talk”, a romantic comedy film directed by Michael Gordon, was released. It features Rock Hudson, Doris Day, Tony Randall, Thelma Ritter and Nick Adams. The film was written by Russell Rouse, Maurice Richlin, Stanley Shapiro and Clarence Greene, and won the Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay.
On This Date In 1960 The first episode of the one-hour television drama “Route 66” aired on CBS.
On This Date In 1960 “Spartacus”, an historical drama movie directed by Stanley Kubrick and based on the novel of the same name by Howard Fast about the historical life of Spartacus and the Third Servile War, was released. The film stars Kirk Douglas as rebellious slave Spartacus and Laurence Olivier as his foe, the Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus. The film also stars Peter Ustinov (who won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as slave trader Lentulus Batiatus), John Gavin (as Julius Caesar), Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton, John Ireland, Herbert Lom, Woody Strode, Tony Curtis, John Dall and Charles McGraw.
On This Date In 1963 President John Kennedy signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground. It was developed both to slow the arms race (nuclear testing was, at the time, necessary for continued nuclear weapon advancements), and to stop the excessive release of nuclear fallout into the planet’s atmosphere. http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History/Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treat...
On This Date In 1964 The 1964 World Series began, pitting the National League champion St. Louis Cardinals against the American League champion New York Yankees. The Cardinals would prevail in seven games, and the Yankees would not play in the Series again until 1976.
On This Date In 1969 At his departure from Saigon following a four-day inspection of South Vietnam, General Earle Wheeler, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reported that “progress in Vietnamization is being steadily and realistically achieved”, but that U.S. forces will have to assist the South Vietnamese “for some time to come”. By January 1972, less than 75,000 U.S. troops remained in South Vietnam.
On This Date In 1970 In a televised speech, President Richard Nixon announced a five-point proposal to end the Vietnam War, based on a “standstill” cease-fire in place in South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. He proposed eventual withdrawal of U.S. forces, unconditional release of prisoners of war, and political solutions reflecting the will of the South Vietnamese people. Nixon said that the Communist proposals for the ouster of Nguyen Van Thieu, Nguyen Cao Ky, and Tran Thiem Van Thieu were “totally unacceptable” and rejected them. These proposals were well received at home, but were rejected by the Communists a few days later.
On This Date In 1975 A New York State Supreme Court judge reversed a deportation order for John Lennon, allowing him to remain legally in his adoptive home of New York City. Less than one year later, in June 1976, John Lennon got his green card.
On This Date In 1983 Sean Connery starred in Never Say Never Again as the British secret service agent James Bond, a role he last played in 1971. The film’s title referenced the fact that the Scottish-born actor had previously remarked that he would never play Agent 007 again.
On This Date In 1984 Chicago Bears running back Walter Payton became the NFL’s all-time rushing leader, breaking the record Cleveland’s Jim Brown set in 1965. In front of 53,752 people at Soldier Field, Payton carried the ball 154 yards and finished the game with a new career rushing record-12,400 yards, 88 more than Brown.
On This Date In 1985 The cruise ship Achille Lauro was hijacked by four gunmen representing the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF), who demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners in Egypt and other countries. They killed an American, Leon Klinghoffer, when their demands were not met. The terrorists were later linked to Yasser Arafat and the PLO and Libya. The mastermind of the hijacking was Abu Abbas, who was apprehended, but later released by Italy.
On This Date In 1986 “Reign in Blood”, the third studio album and major label debut by the American thrash metal band Slayer, was released. The album was the band’s first collaboration with record producer Rick Rubin, whose input helped the band’s sound evolve.
On This Date In 1987 “Pleasures of the Flesh”, the second album by American thrash metal band Exodus, was released. This is the first Exodus album to feature Steve Souza on vocals. It was remastered and re-issued by Century Media in 1998 in Europe only.
On This Date In 2000 Three Israeli soldiers were abducted by Hezbollah while patrolling the Israeli occupied side of the Syrian-Lebanese border. The soldiers were killed either during the attack or in its immediate aftermath. Their bodies were returned to Israel in a 2004 prisoner exchange.
On This Date In 2001 Military strikes against Afghanistan were launched by the United States and an international coalition that included Great Britain, Canada, Australia, Germany and France. The attack was military retaliation for the September 11, 2001 attacks by Al Qaeda on American targets. It was called Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan. The attack followed several weeks of diplomatic effort to have al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden handed over by the Taliban government.
On This Date In 2003 After several legal as well as procedural efforts failed to stop it, California’s first-ever gubernatorial recall election was held. The results were certified on November 14, 2003, making Democrat Governor Gray Davis, replaced by Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger, the first governor recalled in the history of California, and just the second in U.S. history.
On This Date In 2003 “Collideøscope”, the fourth album by Living Colour, was released. It was the first studio album by the band in more than a decade. After they split in 1995, Living Colour returned in the middle of 2001 and began recording Collideøscope in late 2002. Similar to the previous effort Stain, much of the album features aggressive lyrics, as many of the songs are about the September 11 attacks.
On This Date In 2008 “Fracture”, a third-person shooter video game developed by Day 1 Studios for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, was was released on October 7, 2008 in North America and on October 10, 2008 in Europe.
Happy Birthday Desmond Tutu (1931), Thomas Keneally (1935), Joy Behar (1942), Catharine MacKinnon (1946), Alice Walton (1949), John Cougar Mellencamp (1951), Derland Moore (1951), Mary Badham (1952), Vladimir Putin (1952), Tico Torres (1953), Katrina vanden Heuvel (1959), Simon Cowell (1959), Tony Sparano (1961), Sam Brown (1964), Toni Braxton (1968), Thom Yorke (1968), Vaughn Hebron (1970), Tim McGrath (1970), Charles Woodson (1976), Alesha Dixon (1978), and Shawn Ashmore (1979).
RIP Caesar Rodney (1728 – 1784), Niels Bohr (1885 – 1962), Henry A. Wallace (1888 – 1965), Elijah Muhammad (1897 – 1975), Andy Devine (1905 – 1977), Helmut Dantine (1917 – 1982), and June Allyson (1917 – 2006).
Quotes – Steve Jobs: Life and Living
Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma - which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of other’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary. SJ
You've got to find what you love.Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. And don’t settle. SJ
If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today? And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something. SJ
.. almost everything – all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart. SJ
That’s been one of my mantras — focus and simplicity. Simple can be harder than complex: You have to work hard to get your thinking clean to make it simple. But it’s worth it in the end because once you get there, you can move mountains. SJ
Drawing from some of the most pivotal points in his life, Steve Jobs, chief executive officer and co-founder of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, urged graduates to pursue their dreams and see the opportunities in life's setbacks -- including death itself -- at the university's 114th Commencement on June 12, 2005. Transcript of Steve Jobs' address: http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html
Bill Gates and Steve Jobs at D 2007, doing a neutral interview.
Here’s to the crazy ones, the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes... the ones who see things differently – they’re not fond of rules... You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can’t do is ignore them because they change things... they push the human race forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do. Steve Jobs